Keith Raniere, NXIVM Cult Leader and Subject of The Vow, Sentenced to 120 Years in Prison

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Keith Raniere, the leader of the high-profile NXIVM cult, was sentenced to 120 years in prison by Judge Nicholas G. Garaufis on Tuesday, according to The Hollywood Reporter.

Raniere, 60, was convicted last June of sex trafficking, forced labor, production and possession of child pornography, racketeering, and wire fraud. NXIVM (first known as Executive Success Programs) was founded in 1990 by Raniere, the former head of the disgraced 1990s multi-level marketing company Consumers’ Buyline, and Nancy Salzman, 66, a former psychiatric nurse and trained hypnotist. The alleged sex cult and multi-level marketing scheme masqueraded as a self-help program that attracted wealthy, famous, and influential people, including Hollywood stars like Smallville‘s Allison Mack and Battlestar Galactica‘s Nicki Clyne; the heiresses of Seagram’s liquor fortune; and the son of a former Mexican president. Raniere served as leader of NXIVM and its various subgroups including DOS, a secret women’s organization that assigned its members “master” and “slave” roles and branded their pelvic areas with a symbol that featured Raniere and Mack’s initials.

Raniere and NXIVM have been subjects of two recent TV documentary series: The Vow on HBO, and Seduced: Inside The NXIVM Cult on Starz.

The Vow Season 2: What Happened to Allison Mack, India Oxenberg, and More NXIVM Key Players

The Vow focused on several of the group’s defectors, chronicling how they came to embrace Executive Success Programs, which became NXIVM; how they lost faith in the group’s leaders and abusive practices; the threats they faced after defecting; and their efforts to heal and seek justice. The series has been renewed for a second season, which is expected to reveal more details about NXIVM’s inner workings and center around Raniere’s trial.

Seduced focuses in India Oxenberg — the daughter of Dynasty actress Catherine Oxenberg — who joined NXIVM in 2011 and left the group after Keith Raniere’s arrest. The four-part series is currently airing on Starz. Oxenberg, 29, co-executive-produced the series and also wrote a memoir titled Still Learning, which was released in audio form on Oct. 27.

Raniere was arrested at a hideout Mexico in March 2018 on charges including sex trafficking. Lauren Salzman, the daughter of Nancy Salzman and NXIVM’s head of education, testified in Raniere’s trial that Mexican authorities had interrupted his plans for a group sex “recommitment ceremony” with several of his “first-line slaves” in Dominus Obsequious Sororium (DOS). The Latin name is roughly translated as “master over slave women,” and Raniere was the sect’s “grandmaster.”

According to the Albany-based newspaper The Times-Union, Salzman testified that when the armed officers burst in, Raniere hid in a walk-in closet. “Everything he taught us was this … what men do, what women do,” Salzman said in court. “And then he didn’t do it — and I did do it.”

Raniere pleaded not guilty to charges including sex trafficking, sex trafficking conspiracy, and forced labor conspiracy; his lawyers held that “everything was consensual.”

Prosecutors later accused Ranier of having sex with a 15-year-old girl, and he was charged with “coercing a child to engage in sexual conduct to produce visual depictions of it, and of possessing child pornography between 2005 and 2018.” Following Raniere’s high-profile trial in 2019, jurors delivered a verdict of guilty on all counts, after deliberating for less than five hours.

Allison Mack departs the U.S. Eastern District Court in Brooklyn after a bail hearing on May 4, 2018.Allison Mack departs the U.S. Eastern District Court in Brooklyn after a bail hearing on May 4, 2018.

In the months immediately following Raniere’s arrest, Allison Mack, Nancy Salzman, and Lauren Salzman also were arrested, along with NXIVM bankroller Clare Bronfman, and bookkeeper Kathy Russell. All of the women took plea deals, and all except Bronfman are awaiting sentencing dates.

Bronfman, 42, admitted to helping Raniere use the credit card of late NXIVM member Pamela Cafritz after she died of cancer. She also confessed to harboring a Mexican woman who was brought to the country on a fake work visa so that she and NXIVM could exploit her labor. She was sentenced to nearly seven years in prison.

Allison Mack, 38, is waiting to be sentenced for racketeering and racketeering conspiracy and faces up to 40 years in prison. Nancy Salzman was convicted of racketeering and faces 33 to 41 months in prison. Lauren Salzman, 44, faces up to 40 years in prison for racketeering and racketeering conspiracy, but is likely to receive a lesser sentence for testifying at Raniere’s trial. Kathy Russell, 63, could receive up to 10 years in prison for visa fraud.

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